LAB 6.2 Female reproductive system
Diagram of ventral view of a sow's reproductive system.
4. Opening of urethra
- Female mammals have a pair of ovaries located posteriorly
in the abdominal cavity Figure 1-21c.The
below shows one ovary of a cow.
- Ova develop in the cortex (outer layer) of the ovary.
ovum is enclosed in a fluid-filled follicle, as shown in the
At estrus, ova are released into a ciliated funnel
at the end of each oviduct (fallopian tube).
- The oviduct on each side leads into a horn of the uterus
development takes place. The image below shows one horn of the uterus
At birth, the offspring emerge through the dilated cervix
image below shows an undilated cervix of a cow.
glands are derived from highly modified sweat glands of the skin.
The udders of sheep and goats are divided into right and left
each with a teat. The cow's udder has four quarters so that there are
teats on each side. Most sows have seven pairs of mammary glands and a
total of 14 teats. Milk is produced in glandular alveoli, and
collects in the cistern of the teat. The bovine udder is
by medial and lateral suspensory ligaments which are dominated by
and collagen fibers, respectively.